“Some Evidences of an Education,” Columbia professor Nicholas Murray Butler’s Phi Beta Kappa address, was enthusiastically received in the Chapel.  Drawing a distinction between erudition and true education, Butler offered “five characteristics… as evidences of education—correctness and precision in the use of the mother tongue, refined and gentle manners, which are the expression of fixed habits of thought and action, the power and habit of reflection, the power of growth, and efficiency, or the power to do.

“On this plane the physicist may meet with the philologian and the naturalist with the philosopher, and each recognizes the fact that his fellow is an educated man, though the range of their information is widely different and the centres of their highest interests are far apart.”     The New York Times